From the UK, which is where ARs got started :
Two groups of children aged 4 to 5 (57) and 6 to 7 years old (61) were asked to watch 15 videos and look at 15 images showing real life behavior of dogs. Video clips were all between 6 and 11 seconds long, the only auditory information was the barking of the dog. Only images and videos were used for which two vet nurses and two laypeople had agreed on the emotion being shown.
Both groups were then asked questions relating to their intention to approach the dog (Would you play with this dog?) and what emotion they thought the dog was experiencing (How happy/angry/frightened do you think this dog is feeling?).
Analysis of the results showed that the children recognized happy, angry and frightened dogs in videos and images at above the level of chance. Furthermore, they recognized angry dogs more accurately than happy or frightened dogs.
However, although the children were less likely to approach an angry dog there was no difference in their inclination to approach a happy or frightened dog.
Dr Rose said: “Young children are relatively good at accurately identifying the emotion that a dog is displaying. However, children’s understanding of safety around dogs is lacking as they only demonstrated caution about approaching angry dogs. They appeared to be unaware that there might be problems approaching frightened dogs. This finding should help inform dog bite prevention campaigns.”
—> while this is a DUH to us, it would not be for kids. Most ARs teach kids certain things, which is basically to treat the animal like a person. However children should NEVER treat animals as people since it’s much easier for a kid to differentiate between animals than people, IF we teach them the subjects are ANIMALS. Therefore, when the animal is scared, it might look like this or do this, etc. Kids know smiling. They don’t necessarily know the rest.